Feuer

Interpretation of fire protection
Secure IT infrastructures require special protective conditions! 

The requirements for structural fire protection are NOT sufficient for IT hardware! The standard structural fire protection acc. to EN 1363 (for standard buildings) and the IT fire protection acc. to EN 1047-2 are quite different.

 
 

Differences between standard fire protection acc. to EN 1363 and IT fire protection acc. to EN 1047-2

According to the requirements of EN 1363 single building components are tested but not the complete product. 
A test of the complete product, the "type test", however, is definitely required within the scope of the best possible IT protection.

The certified F90 fire resistance acc. to the general DIN standard for building structures fulfills the structurcal fire protection requirements but is not in compliance with the load values of IT systems. For this reason the consideration of the limit values according to EN 1047-2  is a "must" for safeguarding the high availability requirements.
Moreover the test according to EN 1363 requires the temperature measurement for 90 minutes only. The highest temperatures, however,  are measured during the following cooling period.
The EN 1363 do not require the measurement of the relative humidity. In the event of a fire, however, there will be 870 litres water in a room, dimension 
5 x 6 x 2,5 m!   
This huge amount of water will mainly cause the total loss or failure of IT. 

Standard EN 1363 (DIN 4103) F90 test of building components EN 1047-2 (IT fire protection)
Standard for

Building components

Data security rooms 

Type of test

Tests of building components

Type test

Duration of firing

90 minutes acc. to time/temperature curve 

60 minutes acc. to time/temperature curve 

Cooling curve

No

Yes

Duration of temperature measurements

90 minutes

24 hours

Max. temperature increase

140-180 K

50 K

Max. rel. humidity

Not measured

85%

Impact test

No

Yes

Manufacturer's quality control

Yes

Yes

Quality control during installation

No

Yes

Registration

No

Yes

 

 
 

Maximum protection with the IT fire protection test according to EN 1047-2. 
This standard offers a serious risk reduction for IT compared with the standard test for "structural fire protection acc. to EN 1363". 

 
 
ECB-S Logo
  • IT related test of data security rooms for the ECB•certification according to EN 1047-2. 
 
 
Typgeprüft Logo
 
 
  • Type test of a complete data security room including door, slides, cable duct and support structure. 
ECBS-Zertifikat
  • Certification by competent and neutral institution. 
 
 
 
 
Brandkurve

Test curve according to EN 1047-2 and 60 mins. firing.

Beflammungs-Raum
  • 60 minutes firing at 1000° C, subsequent 6 hours cooling period and measurement of temperatures for 24 hours.
  • Max. admissable temperature increase 50 K.

  • Max. admissable rel. humidity 85 %.
 

 
 

Test assemblies for test according to EN 1047-2 (IT fire protection)

Testaufbau

Preparation of test assemblies 

Beflammung

1 hour's firing of the room 

Nach der Beflammung

After the firing: Visibly damaged but fully intact.

 

IT-Gefahrenquelle Feuer

Risik factor: Relying on structural fire protection. 
Increased requirements for IT fire protection.

 
 

Conclusion: Fire protection acc. to EN 1363 (DIN 4102)

  • The limit values for temperatures are far above the admissable temperatures for IT hardware. 
  • No requirements for relative humidity. 
  • No type or system tests. 
  • The structural fire protection controls the protection of people and buildings. 
  • The requirements of structural fire protection are not sufficient for the IT! 
Konventioneller-Schutz-FI90.png

Figure: Conventional EI90 solution in a fire.

 
 

Additional risk factors in a fire: 

Risk factor: Water content in limestone

IT-Gefahrenquelle Feuer

Risk factor: Water content in limestone 

Since many years limestone is a standard building material of excellent properties. However, in a case of fire, limestone can be dangerous for IT infrastructures. The fire test of a limestone wall shows it clearly: 

Fire test of a limestone wall: 

  • 90 minutes' firing of a wall section according to time / temperature curve
  • Measuring of temperatures and humidities in a closed room 

Test result:

  • After 90 minutes dissipation of steam and condensed water 
  • After only 15 minutes the measuring curve shows a humidity of 100 % 
  • The temperature limit of 50 K (acc. to EN 1047-2) is exceeded after 20 minutes only! 
Beflammung Kalksandsteinwand
Kondensat Kalksandsteinwand
 

 

Risk factor: Water content in concrete

IT-Gefahrenquelle Feuer

Risk factor: Water content in concrete  
In case of a fire there will be approx. 870 litres water in a room of 5 x 6 x 2,5 m! This amount of water will destroy the IT. 

 
 
Beton Raumgrafik
 
 

Room size 5 x 6 x 2,5 m, ceiling 300 mm, side wall 200 mm = 43,437 kg concrete Residual moisture: 2% = 870 litres of water 

 
 
Beton Wasseransammlung 15min

After approx. 15 minutes: Development of hot water steam 

Beton Wasseransammlung 24min

After approx. 24 minutes:
Water accumulation

Beton Wasseransammlung 90min

After 90 minutes: 
Considerable water accumulation 

 
 
 

The desired certificate: 

Das Zertifikat

Video: Fire protection test of a security room RZproducts GranITe

 

 

The ECB·S certification as equivalent to an accolade for fire protection security. The European Certification Body GmbH (ECB) is the leading certification service provider for security products nationally and internationally. After a successfully passed test the ECB awards the ECB.S certificate. 

 

Increased security: Criteria of impact tests acc. to EN 1047-2

Fire cases influences the material which becomes brittle and porous. The "impact test" simulates this effect. A wall section of 3 x 3 m of a data security room was examined and tested.

Procedure of impact test: 

  • 0-45th minute: Firing acc. to time / temperature curve up to 902°C.
  • 45-70th minute: Single impact with a 200 kg plumb weight from a height of 1,5 m (impact force approx. 3.000 Nm) at the fired side. 
  • 70-85th minute:  Switching on of burners and renewed firing at 840°C.
  • During the test the wall of the room wall is tested acc. to EN 1363 (cotton ball test, flameout etc.).
Stoßprüfung 1047-2 Vorbereitung

Preparation of test assembly 

Stoßpruefung 1047-2

The plumb weight is beated against the room wall 

Stoßpruefung 1047-2 Resultat

The wall withstood the impact 

 
Qualitaetssiegel

The IT security room DC-ITRoom GranITe was successfully tested according to 1047-2 for fire protection.
The IT security room QuartzITe 9.3 and the mini data center DC-ITSafe guarantees the limit values following EN 1047-2. 

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